This was an interesting new study on decanoic acid (C10 in MCT oil.): http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24383952Russ wrote:“At a point in time when people are about to suffer from mitochondrial inadequacy in their brain, the aim of the study [with Takeda] is to double the number of mitochondria
" We propose that decanoic acid (C10) results in increased mitochondrial number. Our data suggest that this may occur via the activation of the PPARγ receptor and its target genes involved in mitochondrial biogenesis. This finding could be of significant benefit to epilepsy patients who are currently on a strict ketogenic diet. Evidence that C10 on its own can modulate mitochondrial number raises the possibility that a simplified and less stringent C10-based diet could be developed."
It's interesting this effect wasn't demonstrated in caprylic acid (C8). I believe Axona (prescribed for Alzheimer's) only contains the C8 fraction.